Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is the most common type. It’s main symptoms are joint pain and swelling. It’s the second most common form of arthritis affecting up to 1% of the population. RA can affect not just the joints but also other organs such as eyes or lungs. Treatments target the abnormal immune response and include agents such as methotrexate and biologic agents. These have revolutionized the treatment of patients who suffer from RA. Additionally other aspects of care including exercise, diet, sleep hygiene and recognition of the psychological consequences of RA are very important aspects of care.